50 million years ago, the Mediterranean was formed when Africa crashed against Eurasia, resulting in more than 6,000 miles of coastline surrounded by a relatively calm sea with plenty of harbors and numerous islands that served as ideal staging posts for trade, migration and warfare.
As such, the region has been closely associated with a number of significant historical phenomena—the Crusades, the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians, the Romans and the Arabs. The Mediterranean has since witnessed innumerable turmoil’s, caused principally by the greed for riches and by the ambition for power of certain Mediterranean leaders. Many empires came and went, some created by the sword, others by trade. Ships became larger and more suitable to face the oceans and explorers started to change the world.
The Mediterranean cradles such world religions as Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Some of the world’s greatest historic figures have been associated with Mediterranean countries, including Roman emperors and Napoleon from France; and the region has also seen the development of some of the most important cities in the world, including Rome, Venice, Alexandria and Athens. In particular, Athens and Rome influenced the world as we know it today. We still practice to this day what those civilizations had started with Democracy and Roman Law.
The history of the Mediterranean is still being written today. We are living in times of new changes in the Balkans, in Palestine, the elimination of barriers between the European countries and the dramatic migrations from the poorer countries to the wealthier ones.
There is also a growing consciousness amongst all the bordering countries of the Mediterranean, of their responsibility towards this sea and concrete steps are now being taken to protect it, to keep it clean, healthy and safe for all those fortunate enough to be able to navigate and explore its many, many wonders.